Their home's purchase is the most serious investment some people could ever consider. Whether it's a main residence, an additional vacation home or one of many rentals, the purchase of real property is a complex financial transaction that requires multiple parties to make it all happen.
It's likely you are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The most known person in the transaction is the real estate agent. Next, the mortgage company provides the money necessary to bankroll the deal. And ensuring all areas of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to transfer to the buyer from the seller is the title company.
So, who's responsible for making sure the value of the property is consistent with the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Bruce W. Reyle Commercial and Residential Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal starts
To ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our responsibility to first complete a thorough inspection. We must actually view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc, to ensure they indeed are present and are in the shape a typical person would expect them to be. To ensure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and convey the layout of the house, the inspection often entails creating a sketch of the floorplan. Most importantly, we look for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Here, we pull information on local construction costs, labor rates and other elements to calculate how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This estimate usually sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers are intimately familiar with the communities in which they work. They thoroughly understand the value of particular features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, additional bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
In the end, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. At Bruce W. Reyle Commercial and Residential Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants, we are an authority in knowing the value of real estate features in Fairfax and Fairfax City County neighborhoods. The sales comparison approach to value is commonly awarded the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate sale.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
In the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use an additional way of valuing a house. In this scenario, the amount of revenue the real estate produces is factored in with income produced by comparable properties to determine the current value.
Combining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to document an estimated market value for the property at hand. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's value. There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. Here's what it all boils down to, an appraiser from Bruce W. Reyle Commercial and Residential Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants will help you attain the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.